Step 7: Perform a grammatical analysis of the key words of the passage being studied. Obviously grammatical analyses can be done with more ease and with greater profit by those who can use the tools available to students of the original languages. However, the English student can gain much insight by analyzing the grammar of a sentence. Writers do not put information into what they have to say through words only, but they also use the grammar of nouns, verbs, prepositions, articles, participles, and the like to convey their messages. Much propositional truth may be discovered by a grammatical analysis of a passage of Scripture.
A grammatical analysis involves a study of the following matters: case and use of nouns; the relevance of the presence or absence of the definite article; the significance of prepositions; the time of and kind of action denoted by verb tense; whether the mood of a verb denotes command; statement of reality, contingency and conditionality, or improbability; if the voice of the verb shows the subject as acting, being acted upon, or acting upon or in his own behalf; the time and kind of action denoted by participles; the use of infinitives; the relationships of subordinate ideas that are denoted by participles and infinitives; and the structural relationship of clauses.
The above information may be gained by a student of biblical language through the use of handbooks on Greek and Hebrew grammar and syntax. An English student may use commentaries to gain such information. As indicated earlier, some wordbooks include information about grammar and syntax.